The popularity and the huge number of instant or soluble coffee in the market make it harder to grow your own coffee beans. Just like any other plants, those who do not have an experience may feel that growing coffee in the comfort of your own home is only for those with a green thumb. Plant and gardening experts advised that growing coffee beans are not that hard, but the same as the others where the plant does not require too much attention.
Why Grow Your Own Coffee Beans
Some could be wondering why is there a need to grow coffee when it is commercially available in supermarkets and retailers. First of all, growing your own coffee will make sure that it is organic. Though a lot of coffee manufacturers claim that it is organically grown, we as consumers, really don’t have the idea of the whole process and what goes into the coffee beans.
Another advantage of growing your own coffee is that you can control the roast and the flavor of the coffee by processing it yourself. Apart from the benefits of making it as a drink, coffee trees also bear a white flower that blooms from yellow buds. They are intensely fragrant that could give a great smell inside the house.
Steps on How to Grow Your Own Coffee Beans
Coffee trees are very easy to grow in home condition and great as an indoor plant, even if it is a tropical plant that grows in rain forests. This makes it generally easy to grow and take care of a coffee plant. Here are the steps on how to grow your own coffee beans.
1. Get a raw coffee bean that can be bought from gardening stores or better get raw coffee berries. Red ripe coffee berries are faster to sprout than the dry raw seeds, which may take months compared to the berry form. The coffee berries have a lot of moisture that makes sprouting easier. Take a fresh coffee berry, take the beans out and place them in moist loose seed starting mix and keep them watered. It will take months, unlike other plant seeds.
2. While waiting for the coffee beans to sprout, choose the right pot size. It should not be very large as the plant prefers a crammed soil once it starts growing. Transfer to a small three-inch pot once it grows for about an inch or two.
3. In watering the plant, the soil should have some dryness to it between the watering. However, severe dryness can harm the coffee plant. There should not be too much water sitting below the pot. In case of accidental excess watering, remove excess water below the pot and place it under the sun for a few hours until the moisture is reduced.
4. Pot change is only recommended once the plant show signs of being extremely root bound on its current pot. Remember to transfer them to another pot when they reached the maximum.
5. Once you see that there are cherries forming on the stems, wait for them until it turns from green to red. Ripen coffee fruit are called ‘cherries’ where the yellow beans can be harvested after cleaning and peeling. Green fruits that are unripe can also be blended with the ripe ones in one stem and can be handpicked to choose the ripe ones only.
6. Enjoy your harvest, and decide how you would want to roast it to a coffee!
What to Remember If You Grow Your Own Coffee Beans
If you decide to grow your own coffee beans in the fastest and best way possible, there are a few tips to remember to. Here are a few:
The plant is adaptable to different lighting conditions, tolerant in temperatures, and does not easily affect by changes in weather during the day. It will still grow fine and well. It grows generally during springtime, depending on the region. Making the plant feel that it is in a tropical environment is suggested.
Type of Soil
Soil should be a standard potting mix, good draining, and volcanic rock (there are a lot of them that are sold online) that is crushed into a powder could be added to the soil. Replicating the environment including the soil will meet the coffee plant’s mineral requirement.
The chosen location to grow the has some direct sunlight, though they can grow either under a partial sun or full sun. The temperature in your geographical area will be a factor in growing them. As mentioned, replicating the tropical environment is suggested.
Start with a small three-inch pot, where the seed will turn to a small six-inch plant for a few months. Once it reaches that height, transfer the pot to a 5 to 7-inch pot, where it has been left there for about a year and a half. Transfer the plant into a bigger container once it grows. Pot progression
Considerations When To Grow Your Own Coffee Beans
During wintertime, there may be some chlorosis on the young coffee plant that will form on the leaves. Chlorosis means that there is a loss of the leaves’ normal green color due to the lack of sunlight or nutrients. It tends to turn back into green when the heat started to be felt by the plant during the summer.
Regular fertilization is required every two months to used to make it healthier, where the granular organic variety is suggested to be irrigated or scattered on top of the soil.
The plant is also susceptible to a mealybug and scale insects, regular checks and water cleaning is recommended instead of using insecticides.
When to Harvest the Home Grown Coffee Beans?
A coffee plant does not fruit instantly, it may take a minimum of one and a half to a maximum of four years to pick ripe coffee cherries. There is a variety that does not grow into a tree, but could only be considered as a bush. Though coffee trees do not really grow like a typical tall tree and more of a tall shrub, making it a perfect addition to any garden.